Study of Juvenile Justice Act and System in India (Paper)

  • Debanjali Singha Roy, South Calcutta Law College
  • October 4, 2020

Content :

The Juvenile Justice System is the largest mechanism in India to work with two notable groups of vulnerable children: children without family or family support, and children who ostensibly commit crimes or offences. The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000, (further amended in 2006) is the current principal framework for the juvenile justice system. The Juvenile Justice Act has incorporated provisions relating to children from the Indian Constitution, UN guidelines, and Child Rights principles. The Juvenile Justice Act covers two categories of children: a) “Child in Need of Care and Protection”  and b) “Juvenile in Conflict with Law”  . The law defines between these two categories of children and has assigned separate and independent mechanisms and procedures to address their issues.